Gardenia is a genus of flowering plants in the coffee family, Rubiaceae, native to the tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia Madagascar, and Pacific Islands.
Gardenia is a popular houseplant, the terrace garden makes it attractive. The creamy white flowers, a special fragrance like mass in their gardens, especially in the south. Gardenia plant is popular in cold weather. Gardenia evergreen shrubs from 1 to 15 meters tall. Its dark green leaves are glossy and a leathery texture.
The flowers are solitary or in small clusters, white or yellow colors bloom. The flowers bloom between mid-spring to mid-summer. Many of its species are strongly scented. Sun or semi-shade tolerant, adaptable gardenia bushes, which survive completely well-drained and well in acidic soil. Fall or spring is the best time for planting in warm weather. Place in light to moderate shade. Use plenty fertilizer for the Acid loving plant.
Gardenia plants are sensitive. Location and continuous care for this plant are extremely important. Gardeners who want to grow gardenia successfully, they must understand the needs of the plant. Gardenia is quite fragile and they are a few tips to nature bring.
Scientific name Gardenia
Common name Cape jasmine
Plant type Flower
Height 1-15 meter
Sun Part shade
Soil Well-drained, Acidic Soil
Soil pH 5.0 to 7
Temperature 68 -74 degree F
Bloom time Mid spring -Midsummer
- Full sunlight, part shed, and humidity is best suited for gardenia. The soil should be less than 7 pH. Gardenia will grow well in a room with humidity, and salt in the soil.
- It grows well in rich soil. Peat moss or organic compost rich soil to make sure that the mix should be an increased nutrient.
- Doubling the size of the root ball to the hole in the ground, so it should be easy for the heck with it. If you look at it in the container prepared in advance to fill the soil around the plant.
- Gardenia plant requires water deeply.
- The mulch should be around the plants surface. Pine needles or wood chips for mulch can be used.
- If you use a container to grow, use the pebbles to increase humidity around the plant.
- You can plant it in containers successfully, but when it should be noted that when plant as indoor that bright sunlight and high humidity required. Dry or short days of winter, there is more trouble in the bush.
- During the winter moving the plant to improve the light conditions on the southern facing window. High humidity is also important for indoor gardenia.
- Dry air falling from plants flowers inspires.
- There are many ways to increase humidity in the house. You either use a humidifier or humidity around the plants could increase the tray of wet pebbles.
- This plant cannot tolerate mist as this may cause leaves are fungal spot and will be harmful.
- Keep the soil moist but avoid over Watering. Organic manure and soil should be loose.
- Often that monitor soil moisture, such as water dries water Gardenias need at least an inch of water a week.
- During the growing season acid-based fertilizer every three weeks is best.
- First, let the garden dry well, then make sure to plant it, use peat moss and organic manure for planting.
- Dig a hole double the size of the root ball and keep it burrows prepared soil around it by then fill the hole.
- Water thoroughly during the growing season.
The best time for pruning, when the plant is dormant. To shape the plant and remove the dry branches pruning is necessary. Use scissors to clean cut.
Common Gardenia Pests
- If the plant should be healthy and it should be kept away from the over a crowd of Pests protection.
- The second major reason for the lack of the proper temperature and humidity.
- From time to time and immediately be watch and treatment plant.
- pests fear following the invasion of gardenia.
- Aphids, Spider mites, Thrips, Mealy mites, Scale, and Whiteflies.