Both Azaleas and Rhododendrons are from Rhododendron genus. Experts have difficulty in separating some plants. But both are same bushes. Both of these are the favorite shrubs of South. It has more than 800 species.
Azaleas and Rhododendrons prefer partial shadows. This requires acidic and well dry soil, in which many organic materials are found. Most of the Azaleas and Rhododendron are hardy US Department of Agriculture’s hardiness zones 5 to 8. Some are spread over zone 9. From a technical perspective, the rhododendron flowers are shaped like bells and have ten or more stamens and leaves are usually large and leathery, while the Azalea blossom is generally funnel-shaped and has five stamens. Small azalea leaves are usually narrow and sharp.
This is a very popular plant in parts of the South, and in almost every garden this decoration is increasing. It can be easily planted in the container in the terrace garden and patio. Azaleas are however more accommodating, and they can be grown throughout the South with the necessary attention to soil, light and proper selection. Azaleas grow from ground to 1 to 2 feet height. Although many species bloom in the spring, there are also species that bloom in summer. Some easy steps to applying Azalea are telling you, Nature Bring.
Scientific name Rhododendron
Plant type Shrub
Sun required Part sun
Flower color White, Red, Pink, Yellow and Purple
Blooming time Spring, Summer
How to grow azaleas and its care
- Azaleas are plants that grow in the acidic soil, which prefer a partial sun. It should be protected from noon shadow. They prefer moisture and completely dry and soil 5.5 pH. Before planting, check the soil, especially in areas where the soil is more alkaline. Mix the inorganic substances as needed to adjust the soil.
- The choice of place is very important before its plantation. Continuous flowing winds cause damage to these plants. If possible, choose a place where there is no direct sunlight. Its protection from the afternoon sun is important. Good option its protection by any building or hedgerow.
- Azaleas prefer damp soil, even in the fall.
- Pine needles help keep the soil moist and maintain the acidity of the soil. Its roots are shallow, therefore the root system will help to remove the untreated weeds.
- The best time to grow the azaleas is late spring or early fall is good. Evergreen Azalea requires wind protection and partial shade. Deciduous species bloom well in full sunlight.
- The well-drained and slightly acidic soil is good for azaleas.
- Since Azalea is a shallow root. So it quickly dries out. Can use pine needles to maintain moisture.
- It does not require fertilizer. The decaying mulch caters to all the nutritious requirements of azaleas. Add a slowly released fertilizer when the azaleas dormant between late fall and early spring.
- Once planted, Azalea does not usually have the problem of insects and disease. Water requirement is important during dry weather.
- It requires a little care when established it. Water is the main requirement during dry weather.
- The temperature above 85 degrees damages azaleas. However, there are some species which tolerate more heat. In the cold days, the gardener will cover it or shift it to hot places.
- Plants need a little pruning. Cut some spindliest branches, it encourages the other branches. The plant can be cutting lightly to give a proper shape.
Pests and disease:
Generally, these plants do not have problems of pest and disease. There are some problems, insects that affect the azaleas are lace insects and spider. Lace worms affect the plants that grow in the sun. Leaves, leaf spots, and root rot are common diseases related to decaying shrubs. Due to drainage and proper environment, these problems get rid of a great deal.