How to grow Bearded Irises | Growing tips by Nature Bring
Written by: Ramchandra Bhatia Date: 10/12/2017
The iris, which looks long, beautiful and in many magical colors, every gardener wants to grow these perennials in their garden. About 300 species of irises are found and you know these amazing flower plants grow very easily. Irises attract hummingbirds and butterfly. It contains the most popular long and bearded irises. This will be the hottest presentation and attraction of your garden. You can follow the instructions given by Nature Bring and iris blooms year-by-year. This beautiful flower has 3 distinctive petals, called Fall, it also has 3 internal straight petals which are called standards. False can be beards or crests. Its flowers come in colors like Blue, Multicolor, Yellow, Orange, Purple, Pink, and White.
Scientific name Iris germanica
Common name Iris
Plant type Flower
Sun requires Full Sun/part Sun
Blooming time Summer
Soil loamy and sandy soil
Soil pH 6.8-7.0
Bearded Irises growing tips
Best time to divide the Iris plant
The best time to apply Iris Rhizomes is July, August, and September. (Usually, in the summer of July and August most plants become inactive). This is the best time to divide the Iris plant, which is in a lot of crowds. This condition often comes after three to five years. It is also very important that the roots of the iris are well established during the end of the growing season. You should plant your iris 4 to 6 weeks before the hard cold.
To grow bearded irises require the best and well-drained soil. If you have heavy soil, then you need to mix the compost or mix another type of organic matter in the soil. If you want to use gypsum to improve soil, this is a good soil conditioner. The ideal soil for iris is pH 6.8, it is slightly acidic. If the soil is more acidic then mix the lime. You must test the soil before using any experiment.
Give your iris plant a place in the sun. This plant requires dry soil and at least 6 hours of sunlight per day. A complete sunny day is good for drying the rhizomes so that the Rhiyozomes can structure a good fleshy root of the plant.
Apply granular fertilizers to your iris plant twice a year, the ones in the early spring and second after flowering. If you use nitrogen-rich fertilizer, it would be better if the soil is slightly neutral and below pH level 7.
Give the water after the transplant or when the soil has completely dried. Give room to your iris to breathe, because good air circulation is required to grow Bearded iris. Plant them at least 15 to 18 inches apart. You can keep less space for dwarf iris.
Bearded iris is not required for Mulch because it keeps moisture, and moisture can cause soft rot in Rehyozomes.
*Break its seed pods when its flowers get faded. This prevents seeding. Seed formation also protects the roots of the spinal cord, leaves.
Pruning of foliage group in the fall season. Doing this reduces the risk of overtaking of pests and diseases.
How to care irises
- Avoid giving high nitrogen on the basis of the plant, malicious can also be caused by rotting in its rhizome.
- Always keep its rhizomes exposed, because its rhizome requires air circulation and slight sunlight, so do not put it too deeply. Due to being buried in the soil or in other crowds of other plants, they will rot, the rhizomes dry up when there is sunlight.
- Do not trim, if the flowers are coming in the iris, because its leaves take photosynthesis for next year’s growth. Cut off the brown stem.
- If your plant is damaged by heavy cold, then cut off the affected area and separate it. For this, you see the cold dates in your area.
- Plants lose their vitality in 2 to 5 years, due to which its flower blossoms begin to affect, for this, you transfer its healthy rhizome to new soil. The best time to apply it is immediately after blooming.
- When you transplant it, cut its leaves to 2-3 inches in length. It allows the rhizome to be installed in a new place.
Pests and diseases
- Bearded iris is most affected Iris borer insects. Its eggs are under the leaves in the spring. It affects the leaves through tunnels the rhizomes.
- The leaves of the infected plant have yellow stripes and spots, which are easily separated from the rhizome.
- If affected, the rhizomes become mushy or in the small hole due to burrowing larvae.
- For this, debris placed around Iris plants, borer leaves should be removed and destroyed for protection.
- When dividing, the infected rhizomes should be removed.
- Separate and destroy the infected foliage group during the growing season.