How to grow and care Okra | Growing and care lady’s fingers
Okra or okro, known in many English-speaking countries as ladies’ fingers, ochro or gumbo, is a flowering plant in the mallow family. It is valued for its edible green seed pods. The plant and its seed pods are also known as “lady’s fingers”.
It is a perennial plant and it is cultivated in tropical and warm temperate climate annually. The plant is about 2 meters tall. The leaves are 10 to 20 centimeters long and are broad in size. Are its flowers 4 to 5 centimeters in diameter? The flowers have five petals, with yellow-white holding. Okra is Pentagonal cross section length. Many seeds are inside the fruit. The fruits are fibrous. Native to Africa, it is easy to grow this vegetable.
- Okra is cultivation in tropical and warm temperate climate. It is drought tolerant species. This plant does not tolerate intermittent moisture. Okra is easy to grow.
- Ladyfinger plant you can begin 3 to 4 weeks before the last spring frost. This complete indoor in full sunlight, it can be grown easily by seeds.
- Okra seeds directly into your garden you can also before spring frost.
- If you do not start early Okra plant, wait for a stable warm weather.
- When the soil is 65 to 70 degrees F, keep okra plant. Fertile soil is necessary for okra seeds. Keep seeds at least 1 inch deep and 12 to 18 inches apart. It requires full sunlight and the soil is well drained.
- The seeds are hard to accelerate the germination of seeds in warm water overnight Immerse.
- If you are okra plant transplant when plants become slightly larger than put it 1 to 2 feet apart because okra plant is long.
- Okra plants are 6 feet long. The plants prefer full sun to light. To avoid shade, it, therefore, does not shadow 3 feet apart the plants should be required.
- When the plants grow okra is also a large amount of grass and weeds grow. Remove them for plant growth.
- 4 to 8-inch layer of grass grow, for making moisture.
- Okra plant once a month to use the balanced liquid fertilizer. 10-10-10 ratio rich compost is good for plant growth.
- In the summer of okra plants Feed well water. 1 inch of water is ideal standard fade every week. Use more water, if you live in a hot area. A weekly deep soaking is beneficial.
- After the first harvest, remove the lower leaves to speed up production.
- Crop rotation and good soil management help control diseases.
Pests and diseases:
Okra plant usually aphids, Corn earworms, Stinkbugs, Fusarium wilt, etc. can cause damage. Southern root-knot nematode and stem the okra plant is susceptible to blight. This unusual okra various beetles and worms are not to attract. Routine care is necessary because these can be infections.
- Okra is mature of 50 to 65 days.
- When the bloom faded okra is ready for harvest.
- When okra length of 2 to 3 inches. Pick the pods at least every other day, otherwise, they will be stiff. Okra pods should pick easily.
- Start harvesting a few days after the okra blooms fade.
- At that point, the seed pods should be soft and two to three inches long.
- Pick the pods at least every other day, as they quickly turn from tender to tough the bigger they grow.
- Handle okra gently. The pods bruise easily.
- Remove old seed pods so they do not inhibit new pods from developing. For maximum yield, prune older limbs beneath the already harvested
- All okra varieties have spines, so wear gloves when picking the pods. The spineless varieties have fewer spines on the pods themselves, but spines on other parts of the plant make wearing gloves and long sleeves a good idea.