How to grow Eggplant and health benefits
By : Chitradeep Ashok
The eggplant is a member of the nightshade family. There are many varieties of eggplant– the common name in North American and Australian English.However, British English uses the word “aubergine” for it and in wikipedia South Asia, South Africa, Malaysia, Singapore, and West Indies, Trinidad, it is called brinjal.
It is available round the year in many varieties but its peak season is during August and September. In this plant, flower color is violet and white with yellow stem. The fruit of this plant is egg shaped with glossy purple color and its inner part has white color. When we cut the outer surface the inner flesh rapidly turns brown. In tropical and subtropical climates, we can sow eggplant directly in the garden.
Eggplant grown in temperate climates fares better when transplanted into the garden after all danger of frost is passed. There are a number of varieties used throughout the world.
Besides vitamins and minerals, eggplant also contains important phytonutrients. These phytonutrients include phenolic compounds, such caffeic and chlorogenic acid, and flavonoids, such as nasunin.
• The fruit of eggplants reduces the blood cholesterol and body weight.
• Eggplant is rich in fiber, potassium, vitamin, vitamin C, vitamin B-6, which supports heart health.
• Eggplant contains polyphenol that helps reduce cancer.
• Regular consumption of eggplant helps prevent blood clot-thanks to vitamin K and bioflavonoid that strength capillaries.
• Eggplant is low in calories with just 35 per cup. It contains no fat and its fiber content can help you feel full.
• Eggplants are wonderful sources of phytonutrient, which have long been known as boosters for cognitive activity and general mental health.
• Eggplants defend against free radical activity and keep your body and brain safe from toxins and diseases, but they also increase blood flow to the brain.
• The qualities of eggplants make it useful as a regulator of glucose and insulin activity within the body
Tips for planting:
- We can grow eggplant seeds indoors and later you can shift in your courtyard or in a container. There are some early growing species which is used in areas where climate is cold.
- First you put the eggplant seeds inside a house. It is germinated on 7-14 days for which bottom heating is essential. Eggplant seeds slipcover with a mix of very light soil. When watering, don’t wash away the seeds of eggplant. Then leave it for 2 months. Your plant is ready, or you may bring from nursery. Natural light in house or greenhouse is sufficient for germinating.
- Place 3 to 4 inches taller plants and planting 24-30 inches apart in well finished beds in your yard.
- When you put in a container mind it the container is large and should be full of soil. You can take potting mix (1 part of soil, 1 part of organic fertilizer and 1 part of peat moss) You can choose of different pots, but clay pots is better. Make drainage hole in the bottom of clay pot. After planting the eggplant you can put the container outside in full sun.