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How to grow Petunia flowering plant: Nature Bring

How to grow Petunia flowering plant: Nature Bring

Written By: Sarita Parashar

Date: 12.02.2017

Petunia is flowering plants, its 35 species of South American origin whose color is dark blue. The tobacco, cape, gooseberries, tomatoes, deadly nightshades, potatoes and chili are the closely related. Wikipedia

 Classification:

Scientific name                     Petunia x hybrida

Common name                     Petunia

Plant type                             Flower

Sun required                        Full Sun

Soil                                         Rich soil

Flower color                         Pink, White, Purple, Red, Yellow

Bloom time                           Spring, Summer, Fall

Zone                                      9-11

Petunia blue
Petunia blue

Petunias are the most popular flowering plant. it is seen in almost every gardens. The plant is grown as annuals. Petunias in the sensitive zones are 9 to 11. Petunias are herbaceous, usually hairy. The flowers are funnel-shaped, and the petals are attached to. The fruits are dry capsules and several micro seeds in capsules.

Seeds can easily develop petunias plants. You grow this plant anywhere where the sun falls directly, whether you’re patio, the terrace garden, hanging gardens it can be grown anywhere. Many people give beauty to the landscape, or a window or door, take a fascinating gateway to the Garden.  It is grow as a Houseplant in the container. Flower shape and the habit of moving is divided into four different varieties.

Grandiflora:

Grandiflora Petunias are the most popular; the flowers grow 3 to 4 Inches. These flowers are either single or double Ruffly occur. Due to the trend in the abundance of bloom are the most suitable for the container and hanging basket . But outside the plant upright mound 15 inches long, are developed in the summer.

 Multiflora:

These flowers are relatively more compact. Grandiflora are smaller than. Forms are available in single or double flowers in Grandiflora, but huge majority are Singles. When a big splash in the garden they together.

Milliflora:

These are small plants. The small flowers are 1 inch or 1.5-inch diameter. These plants produce abundant flower is spreading. These are the perfect plants to create garden edging. They can put in containers mixed with other annual plants.

Ground cover:

The plant height is 6 inches. But it spreads very rapidly, and in a short time it takes to cover the whole ground. These petunias require regular watering and fertilizer. The plant are perfect for hill-side gardening. This is suitable for box gardening and hanging baskets.http://www.extension.umn.edu/garden/yard-garden/flowers/growing-petunias/

Planting:

  • Petunias by the seeds you can grow, the more developed it is easier to implant.
  • Petunias by the seeds you want to start 10 to 12 weeks before the start of early spring. In northern climates, it can be planted in March.
  • Plant seeds are very small, and  requires more light for germination.
  • When comes the three leaves of the plant then water, and it can be plantation outside.
  • If you transplant purchased plant, keep the plant in well-drained soil, after the last spring frost in full sunlight.
  • This flower can tolerate partial shade, but you will get less flowers, these plants open air is even better.
  • Should be 1 foot of space apart the plants.
  • If you’re going to grow it in the container you use a soil-less mix. Soil-less mix is a mixture of peat moss, coir, compost and sand.
petunias white
petunias white

Growing condition:

  • Petunias plant prefers direct sun light. It is absolutely necessary for the blooming flowers.
  • Plants require 5 to 6 hours regular sunlight. Though they tolerate shade, but they seem to have fewer flowers.
  • Petunias are hardy for especially drought-tolerant, but you take good care of the flowers bloom in greater amounts. Check soil in the container to her everyday. When soak the soil well and then allow thae soil dry before re-enter the water. If the soil is more moist, so should not water it may cause many problems, including rot and mildew will be. Watering the base of the Plant so as to keep leaves dry to prevent moisture
  • After a week given a water-soluble fertilizer to your Petunias, it increases the power of bloom. When using fertilizer must read the instructions given by the manufacturer.
  • Always cut flowers and use it for decoration, as cutting the flowers that encourage to blooms.
  • Immediate removal as soon as the flowers fade, this is the beginning of wilt. Prevent plant from developing premature seeds. This not only encourages but also long-blooming flowers looks fresh, healthy and ready.
  • 4 to 6 inches cutting petunias when the plant is in bloom for a long time, or feeling tired. It will be good in mid-summer. After pruning the plant must fertilize.

Soil:

They prefer rich soil, loose soil that drains well. However, they tolerate poor soil. Add normal fertilizer a planting time; add again a month after planting.

Fertilizer:

Uses always balance fertilizer (8-8-8 or 10-10-10) for Petunias plant. When the weather is change (in early July), use liquid fertilizer. Do you do this every three weeks; it will help the plant to bloom.

 Pests and diseases:

If Petunias puckers leaves turn yellow, then to check for aphids. The soft and tender pear-shaped body, they cluster and new dark blue stems, they suck juices from new petuniyas. However, it goes away from the spray of insecticidal soap. Caterpillars are also sometimes carried to the loss. Cut the affected area, and the rebound in the water. These plants are affected from leaf spots or virus also.

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