Learn How To Grow Plumeria, Growing Plumeria in containers, Frangipani care and more about this plant. Plumeria is a very beautiful tropical flower plant which develops rapidly, according to the situation it can be kept inside or out of the house. Depending on maturity, this plant can go up to a height of 30 feet. It grows very well in a hot climate. From March to October, it consistently flavored flowers. Many people know it by the name of frangipani, They are very sensitive to cold, that is why these plants grow very well during the summer. If your area drop below 30 degrees F, ensure its safety.
Scientific name Plumeria Rubra
Common name Plumeria, Frangipani, milk tree
Plant type Flower
Sun requires Full Sun, Part Sun
Blooming time March to October
Flower colors White, Yellow, Orange, Salmon, Pink, and Red
Soil well-drained, slightly acidic
Soil pH 6.4-6.8
Generally, it is called white Frangipani, pagoda tree, caterpillar tree, and milk tree. Most names have been kept on its white flowers and the substances like milk coming out, Which turns out to cut its leaves and branches. Read more.
How to grow Plumeria
Soil and location
A good and well-draining soil that is slightly acidic is best for plumeria, use a good Potting mix with sand and organic manure. Like most flower plants, this plant also needs a lot of suns. In summer, you can transfer your pot into the shade in the afternoon.
It is easiest to develop it by cutting. the best time for cuttings is from February to March, take 4-6 inch tall sections from the tips of shoots. Cut them with a clean knife on the lower end and leave the cutting dry for two days. Put a good type of potting soil in the pot and keep it cutting, then cover it with a polythene sheet and place it near the radiator or in a warm place.
In the summer, plumeria plants give you water in depth at least twice a week. Regularly water your plant in the pot, as the plants dry out in containers faster than the plants in the ground. Pay attention to the water otherwise, the trunk of the plant will rot. Reduce plumeria’s water in the middle fall, as these plants start to become dormant. In the spring there is a new growth in the plant, give water regularly at this time.
Plumeria plants perform well with high levels of phosphorus fertilizer. If you use 10 -15 -10 (NPK) then it would be better. Fertilize your plant during the growing season in spring. In the month of August, apply to encourage Hawaiian Bud & Bloom every 2-3 weeks. Its flowers grow to decorate your garden until summer to fall.
- Frangipani plants are hardy and easy to care for. You can get healthy plants with little care.
- This plant grows well in sunlight, so place it where there is more sunlight.
- Overwatering can be dangerous for these plants.
- Fertilize it with 10-15-10 (NPK) every two weeks, it will stimulate its bloom.
- If more important, then sort out the plant, but it is very harsh and can reduce the production of flowers.
- Plumeria rust (orange powder) disease can be found in the plant which covers the leaves. Use any of the fungicides when there is a problem.
Sorting is necessary for the plant to give the proper size. Apart from this size, it develops new branches of the plant and there is more blooming. Pruning can be done in late winter or early spring. Cut the right upper part of the node slant with the help of a sharp knife. pruning is better to sort about 20 percent of the mature plant every few years; It opens the branches, and the sunlight comes in. It reduces stem rot disease.
Pests and disease
Plumeria rust (orange powder) usually appears sometime before the leaves fall, and it appears as disintegration on the leaves, spray it with the appropriate fungicide. Remove the fallen leaves immediately and destroy them. There is also an outbreak of scale insects on its trunk or leaves. They look like a small white or brown lump. It is possible to treat it with suitable horticultural spray oil. Whiteflies and mealy bugs can also become a tree problem. You can protect against any good pesticides or organic methods. However, there is no major problem of insects in this tree.
Growing Plumeria in containers
- The best time for cutting is spring. At this time, you cut healthy stems of the plant which is a new growth of about 12 inches or more. Leave the cutting within the house for three to seven days to recover heal, now it is ready to plant.
- Dip the lower part of the cutting with the rooting hormone and keep it aside.
- Place the gravel or broken pieces of pot on the lower surface of the pot. Mix equal amount of perlite and sand with commercial potting mix. Fill an approximately-three-quarters of the 1-gallon pot with the prepared mixture.
- Pour the water in the filling mixture, until it starts moving out of the drainage hole in the surface.
- Put approximately 3 inches cutting in the potting mixture, and press the soil around it well.
- Now place your pot in a light shade for approximately two weeks, and then move it to the full sun area. If the temperature is below 65 degrees Fahrenheit, put the pot inside.
- Pour your cutting to a little water for 3-4 days, until the roots are established and there are no leaves in it. It occurs approximately two or three months after planting. Put your finger in the soil and observe and pour water when the soil is dry.
- After developing the root system, place the pot directly in the sun. Water it regularly in the summer months.
- Fertilize liquid fertilizer during the Growing Period. Use 10-15-10 NPK Fertilizer in every 2-3 weeks.
- Do not prune the immature flower, it puts stress on the root system of the plant and can cause the plant to die.
- When the plant reaches the dormancy period, its leaves fall, at that time you bring it to the shelter area and avoid Do to water or fertilize. When new leaves appear, then start watering and fertilizing it.
- Put a stake on the edge of the pot. Which touches the pot surface, then bind it to a twine, from which frangipani did not move from its place.
- Set your pot to light shade for two weeks, and then move it to the full sun area. when the temperature is below 65 degrees Fahrenheit, take the pot inside. Read more.
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