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How to make bonsai?

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Bonsai are trees and plants grown in containers in such a way so that they look their most beautiful–even prettier than those growing in the wild. Cultivating bonsai is a very artistic hobby.

http://web-japan.org/kidsweb/virtual/bonsai/bonsai01.html

We introduce you to the fascinating and living art of Bonsai, and help you get started!
1. Anyone with the interest and little space for growing plants, even on a window-sill or balcony can build and enjoy Bonsai collection.
2. Main techniques to grow your own Bonsai plants are growing, pruning and shaping.

Growing

There are different method to propagate trees suitable for bonsai purpose. Many woody perennials and even some tropical plants can be made into bonsai trees, but not every species will be appropriate for your unique location.  Place a plastic net at the base of the container, so that water can drain out. Now add the specially prepared bonsai soil made of garden soil, cow manure, broken brick pieces, sand and organic manure . Trim 1/2 to 1/3rd pf the existing roots of the plant. leaving most if the thin white roots (known as feeder roots) and some old thick roots. Plant the tree into the pot.

NOTE– Materials matter, so if the soil good, the bonsai will take few months or even a year to grow, and two years for fruits to flower

Decide whether you plan on having an indoor or outdoor tree. The indoor and outdoor bonsai trees can vary drastically. Generally, indoor environments are receive less sun light than outdoor environments, so you’ll want to choose trees with lower light and moisture requirements.

As Indoor: Ficus, Hawaiian Umbrella, Serissa, Gardenia, Camellia, Kingsville Boxwood.
Outdoor: Juniper, Cypress, Cedar, Maple, Birch, Beech, Ginkgo, Larch, Elm. Note that some of the hardier varieties, like junipers, are suitable for both indoor and outdoor use, provided they are properly cared for.

NOTE- For the flower and fruit bonsais, four to five hours of direct sunlight is essential.

Pruning: Generally, you have to prune the roots and the foliage. Pruning bonsais is one of the more enjoyable aspects of growing bonsais. If their growth is not adequately controlled, bonsai trees can easily outgrow their containers.
Roots: Due to small containers, bonsai roots are stunted in growth. By pruning roots, you will ensure that there is space for the new roots to grow, which is critical for the health and growth of the bonsai. Cut any large, thick roots and any upward-facing roots,. slender roots that will sit near the surface of the soil. Prune roots twice a year and change the soil when it’s done.
Foliage: This is vital for aesthetic purposes. Workout a specific design in the mind for your tree and shape it into the form you desire. Removing dead leaves
Shaping: To create a required shape, you can use a wire (copper wires are any ) to assist the branches to grow as per your design. Make sure that the wire is of the right thickness and does not break the branches. Hold the branch you are wiring in both hands and carefully wind the wire around it.

1. Select the plants which can be easily trimmed and shaped, and ones with a rough bark.
2. Avoid too much of watering. Alternate days are good enough.

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