How to Plant, Grow and care Roses | Perennial flowering shrub
About Rose Plants:
A rose is perennial flowering shrub plant of the genus rosa in the family of Rosaceae. There are more than over 100 species and 1000 cultivars. Roses most species found in Asia, with smaller numbers native to North America, Europe, and Northwest Africa. The roses grow in many different colors we can see some different colors of black purple white etc. they form a group of plants. Most rose yellow, red, and orange colors are seen. Get in shape like many roses, some are large and some are in small size. Roses are Renowned for its beauty and fragrance of roses, which bloom mainly in early summer and fall. perennial flowering shrub Rose plants can be up to 7 meters (climbing rose) in length. Modern and hybrid Roses are strong and bloom several days. These usually bloom in the spring season.
Rose planting and care
Roses prefer Natural pH range of 5.5-7.0 A pH. Of which 6.5 is the most suitable? Before planting your roses here according to the climate and soil of select varieties, or contact the nearest nursery. If you plant them in your garden mid-June is the best.
Here we tell about the care and different species of roses. How they grow and their propagation. old garden roses are parents of modern roses. we are classified old roses in following Alba, China roses, Ayrshire, bourbon, boursault, centifolia, portland, ramblers. Rose we can divide into three parts 1. species roses and their hybrid 2. old roses and 3. modern roses.
- Species rose :
They form a group of plants that can be erect shrubs, climbing or trailing with stems that are often armed with sharp prickles. The wild rose is saying species rose. These are normal roses. It has 5 petals bloom in many colors, their care is extremely easy. India is the most selling these roses. These roses blooming ones in the summer. Rose is the hybrid from the Roman period. So long its thousands of verities are developed.
These species are found mostly see roses, Hulthemia, Hesperrhodos, Platyrhodon, Rosa, Banksiae, Bracteata, Caninae, carolinae, chinensis, Gallicanae, Gymnocarpa, laevigatae, Laevigatae, Pimpinellifoliae, Synstylae. This roses are mostly found in white, pink, yellow, mauve, crimson red and mix colors. these all varieties are found in different areas in the world. These rose are required full or part sun. Species rose grown in any soil any position.
Sunlight part or full sun
Colors Red, Pink, white, yellow and mix color
Height 3 to 15 feet.
Blooming Season Spring and summer
Soil Any Soil
- Old garden roses :
It is also called heritage roses. Species found before 1867 that is old roses. Old Roses bloom once in the summer. Old garden noted for its beauty and its aroma. This is well developed in a warm climate. This is the amazing aroma not found in other roses. These are suitable for the warm climate. Old Garden Roses are versatile, you can grow it normally. they are disease resistant and winter hardy.
Old Garden Roses grow in vine or shrub. These roses are white or light colors. These Roses are classified in China roses, Damask roses, Moss roses, Tea roses, Bourbon Roses etc.
It’s not hard to the pruning of old roses. Pruned after Once blooming it. In a winter pruning is necessary its dead or diseased canes. At least 3 years of the class should not be sorting. all shrubs roses are not old roses.
- Hybrid rose:
Old roses budding developed new rose is a hybrid rose. Hybrid Roses we find the greater size of flowers as well as their differences in color and fragrance. These plants are quite healthy and free from disease. Hybrid roses are a popular flower, and its flowers are bloom relatively long. These are available in several colors and size.
- Hybrid roses you can grow in containers. If you want to find in the garden or patio to use rich soil. Use more organic compost in the soil. These are the most thrive in cold season.
- Hybrid roses required full sunlight. These roses required well-drained soil. Mind you not the soil used in the container. Rose plants at least 5 to 6 hours of sunlight required. Use large containers for hybrid roses.
- If the container is the hybrid roses so get proper water drainage systems, otherwise the plant’s roots will rot. If plant it in the soil about 45 cm dig the soil.
- Rose plants require too much fertilizer. It has regular compost, the plant is healthy and disease-free, and flowers are also healthy. Slow-release fertilizer around the roses a sprinkle handfuls.
Rose is pruning is very easy, but remember when you just pruning to wear gloves in hands otherwise remain afraid of forks. Spring season should its pruning period. all its disease and deadheads canes have removed and should the damage. Don’t throw away at the old flowers, you can use it as compost.
1-2 inches on most garden plants need water week. but it also depends on your climate here. This plant is required more water.
Pests and diseases:
If you can isolate the dead leaves and Canes that helps in reducing pests. Here are some common problems. Stem Borers, Japanese Beetles, Aphids, Black spot, Spider Mites, Thrips, and rust. If you can grow garlic or mint plant around the roses, to help keep away from Aphids.