How to Propagate plants from Softwood Cutting | Nature Bring
Written by: Sneha Date:03/11/2017
Spring is best for plant growth. If your garden has vines or shrubs like clematis, lilacs, roses, gardenia, and hydrangea, then spring is the best time to develop new plants through softwood cutting. Softwood cuttings of these plants can be easily developed. In a short time, the plants will be ready for fall gardening. We have prepared thousands of plants from softwood cuttings. This propagation is mainly used for deciduous plants.
Many bushes, climbers, perennials and many other houseplants are promoted just like this. In it, you choose any gentle shoots or new growth of any plant or shrub, which is rooted very easily. This is the simplest technique between spring and summer. In this method, any stem cutting is considered credible, in which young shoots propagate roots much easier than big shoots. Nature Bring will discuss here gentle shoots or selection of plants for new development.
Some suitable plants
A lot of plants can be easily developed by softwood cutting, we are talking about the plants which are very popular here. These mainly include hydrangea, lavender, clematis, lilacs, roses, gardenias, rosemary
Fuchsia, lavatera, petunia and many other shrubs and vines.
Apart from this, tender perennials such as Salvia, pelargoniums, marguerites, and osteospermum are prominent. This method can be easily developed by many houseplants, including coleus, wandering jew plant, Purple Heart. Some deciduous magnolia and maple can also be propagated. Softwood cuttings have highest routing possibilities, which gives you a good chance to develop that species.
* It is best to take softwood cutting in late spring while hardwood cutting when the plant is in dormant condition when fall or winter. Read more.
Proper time to cutting softwood
The best time to develop softwood cutting is Spring and Early Summer. If it is potted in the middle center, then it develops enough roots in the winter, otherwise, it is potted in the spring.
How to take Nodal softwood cuttings?
- If you cut new and young growth, then it encourages the development of the old plant more.
- Take a healthy side shoot of any plant. Store healthy cutting in a polythene, spray some water to keep moisture.
- Take whatever cuts you collect to a quiet shady place.
- Keep the cutting length at least 5-10 centimeters.
- Exclude a pair of leaves and Remove all the leaves below from the stem.
- You do not necessarily immerse all the cuttings in the rooting hormone, but if the end of the stem is immersed in the hormones then the roots grow even faster.
- Tree leaves and stems dry out very quickly, so after planting, place it in a warm place inside.
- Keep high humidity inside, but keep the condensation low. Arrange high light. Protect it from direct sunlight.
Preparing nodal softwood cuttings
- Most softwood cuttings are nodal, i.e. cut at the bottom just below the leaf joint or node, where there is a concentration of hormones to stimulate root production.
- Using a sharp knife trim below a node to make a cutting about 5-10cm (2-4in) long
- Remove the lower leaves, pinch out the soft tip and dip the base of the cutting in hormone rooting powder or liquid
- Make a hole for the cutting in a container of cuttings compost using a dibber (a clean blunt stick) and insert the base of the cutting with the first pair of leaves just above the level of the compost
- Label the pot and water it from above to settle the compost
- Place the pot in a closed propagator case with bottom heat of 18-24C (64-75F). Covering with a plastic bag and placing somewhere warm will suffice if no other equipment is available, but remove the bag to ventilate the cutting at least twice a week for 10 minutes. Commercial nurseries use mist units to provide constant humidity
- Cuttings should be placed in good light but not direct, scorching sunlight. Covering with fleece will help diffuse bright sunlight
- Ensure the compost is moist until the cuttings are well-rooted which takes about six to 10 weeks
- Once rooted, harden off the cuttings for about two weeks and pot them on individually. Covering with fleece or gradually increasing the ventilation of plastic bags or propagators will allow the soft leaves to develop a robust water-proof cuticle so that they can survive in lower humidity environments.
- Some hard to root plants such as Rhododendron respond well to wounding, removing a thin slice of bark near the base of the stem and then dipping the wound in hormone rooting compound. Others, such as Acer palmatum, Cotinus, Lonicera, Jasminum, and Sambucus, can be removed from the parent plant with a heel, pulling off the stem with a ‘tail’ of bark from the previous season’s growth. The heel is then dipped in the hormone rooting compound.
After planting Softwood
- However, it takes a few years for the softwood graft to take the form of a full tree.
- Softwood cuttings root comes out in about 2 to 5 weeks. They are well established in 6 to 10 weeks. By digging slowly from the edge you can check the roots. You can also see the top rise in the stem.
- In this situation, you can transplant the cuttings in the second container. And allow the plant to mature.
- After the fall, planting is the most suitable time. At this time you can easily develop cuttings in grounds in containers or in greenhouses. In the garage or greenhouse, you can grow in the winter.
Softwood cuttings care
- To develop softwood cutting, you should choose a small container, the container at least 4-5 inches deep, the container should have a drainage hole in the surface so that the water in the container is not stored. In this you can use as a growing medium with Pete Moss, sand and perlite etc. See more.
- The most appropriate time to take the cuttings is in the early morning, at this time there is moisture in the atmosphere. It would be better if you need to cut it when you need it.
- Always use Sharpe and Clean Knife to take the cuttings. Choose always healthy shoots from the non-flowering stem. Cut the shoots from a 45-degree angle, under the node.
- Before applying the cuttings, except one of the above couple leaves of the cuttings remove all the below leaves.
- If you have to plant some more cutting, leave it in a few inches.
- Give the water generously and press the growing medium slowly, so that the cutting is set.
- Remove any dead, rotting, dying or diseased stems at least weekly.