Spine Gourd (Kantola, Teasel gourd )
You can gain benefits from this post by getting proper information about How to grow spine gourd, growing information spine gourd, spine gourd varieties, and spine guard care.
Many types of gourd vegetables are used in which some are different from normal, spine gourd is also a different kind of gourd vegetable. There are many types of nutrition quality in this unusual vegetable, so nowadays people are engaged in the commercialization of it. Spine gourd is a tropical vegetable which is cultivated in many parts of India, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, north and Eastern part. The cultivation of spine gourd is very easy. If you want to cultivate it, it can be beneficial for you because it is full of health properties.
Popular name Spine gourd
Spine Gourd Plant (Momordicasp), Which is known as Meethakarela, Khekhsa, Pandora, Kakkal, Kankoda, kakrol, Kantola , Teasel gourd, Konkani, Bhat Karol, Kartola, and Karkarkaya. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) identified it in Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Orissa, and Maharashtra and has encouraged it for commercial cultivation. It is beneficial for diabetics. Read.
Scientific name Momordica dioica
Common name Spine gourd, bristly balsma pear, prickly carolaho, teasle gourd, kantola
Plant type Vegetable
Sun required Full Sun
Soil Any Soil
Soil PH 5.5- 7.0
Spine Gourds are dioecious and perennial cucurbitaceous climbers all over India, China, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, which are used in many ways. Its green fruits, young leaves, and flowers are used to eat. Its fruits contain high amounts of proteins, calcium, phosphorus, iron, and the highest amount of carotene. Many of its species are used in the form of many medicinal and therapeutic properties. Its use helps in activating pancreas, which helps control sugar. The amount of protein is 12-14 percent in the fruit of khekhsa (Kantola). Read.
Spine gourd varieties
There are two varieties of Khekhsa (Kantola) available which are normally found, but with different sizes, it is very popular in small Khekhsa (local) and its price is also higher than Hybrid Kantola.
Indira Kantola (RMF 37) Hybrid variety is a new commercial variety of Kantola which has been developed by the Indira Gandhi Agriculture University. This variety is mostly cultivated in Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, and Orissa. This excellent variety is mostly resistance free.
It is cultivated in many places where it has many other varieties. It is not very popular, therefore, its many high yielding varieties are not available in the market. While cultivating, only high yielding varieties and insect resistant varieties should be selected. Read more.
Spine gourd ( Kantola, Kakrol ) Farming information
Favorable conditions are required to cultivate spine gourd, though its cultivation is easy, it is necessary to have appropriate information proper yields soil and location, temperature and to get rid of pests to avoid any troubles.
For the summer harvest, in the tropical climate, spine gourd is sown from January to February. And for the monsoon crop, it is sown in the month of July.
Location and Soil
The spine gourd is very good in any soil, sandy to the loamy soil is better for this. It should be noted that drainage in the soil should be very good and the soil should be full of organic nutrients. Well-Drained and moist soil is suitable. The ideal pH of the soil for spine guards is 5.5-7.0.
Although these plants can adjust themselves under any circumstances, the cultivation of spine gourd requires warm climates and sunny weather. These plants love the condition of full sunshine. The ideal temperature for spine guards is 27-33 degree C, its cultivation is most suitable for summer. This farming should be protected from winter and frost.
Spine gourd propagation
The easiest way to spine gourd propagation is to, tubers or by seeds, but, but mostly Gardner Propagation by seed much like. Always be used good quality seeds and purchases from reputed store otherwise may have to be repented later. Before planting seeds properly treat, this will get rid of many fungal diseases.
Planting Spine Gourd
- Use spine guard seeds directly in your garden or farm, use the equipment for sowing.
- Before planting the seeds, loosen the soil thoroughly and prepare the bed. Place the seed on the depth of 2 to 2-5 inches inside the soil.
- Insert at least 4 seeds in each bed. Broadcasting and Dibbling method are used for sowing the seeds.
- Broadcasting: In this method, the seeds are not evenly distributed, therefore, it should not be used. This also causes a waste of seeds. Dibbling: This method is used where the supply of seeds is normal. There is a small implementation in sowing. Which is called Dibbler. Read more.
- You can also implant the plant from the nursery. For this, dig the crater in the appropriate place and after planting the plant should be filled with compost and topsoil. Light irrigation must be done after planting
Spine Gourd care
The plant should have enough room to grow well. There must be a minimum distance of 2 meters between the rows and should be 30 – 32-inch distance between the plants.
Irrigate immediately after planting Subsequent irrigation, you do it according to your environment here.
If there is a rainy season then do not irrigate because there is enough moisture in the soil at this time. Give water one or two times by the difference of every week in a dry spell or regular basis, do not get water around the plant.
Spine guards need good organic fertilizer. Mix organic compost well in soil while preparing the garden or farm. The application of NPK should be added before the full dose of its tubers and seed planting.
Spine guards are climbing Nature Plants and they need proper support to climb. For this, you use a stake or sow near your mesh fence.
Problem with Spine gourd
Fruit flies and nematodes are major insects that usually invade. Use Organic Pesticides to control the fruit flies, for nematodes you add neem cake when preparing the soil, this is a good way to prevent it. Powdery Mildew, downy mildew, leaf spot, and mosaic are the major diseases. Treat the seed before planting and immediately destroy the victim plant. For more information contact your nearest Agriculture Department.
This was all about growing Spine gourd hope you liked our post.
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Thank you and happy gardening.
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