Black Pepper (peppercorns plant )
Learn How to grow Black Pepper, Growing peppercorns plant from seeds, Balck Pepper care and more about this plant. Black Pepper, (Piper nigrum), tropical perennial climbing vine, which is hot spicy. It was widely cultivated in the tropical region of Southeast Asia, but it can also be favorable in a dry and cooler climate. It is native to the Malabar coast of India. peppercorns is used throughout the world to increase the taste of food and some medicines. You can also plant this impressive vine in your garden. Black pepper plant Woody climbing vine, which can go up to a height of 30 feet. Its leaves are shiny and fruits (peppercorns) are green berries that become yellow red at maturity, there is only one seed under these berries.
The peppercorns plant is grown in warm temperatures if it is a place to spread its vines with partial shade, then it can grow well. If you take care of its planting conditions, grooving position, and plant cutting, you can produce healthiest black pepper berries.
Local names in India
Black pepper in English, Mari in Gujarat, Golmorich in Bengal. Kali mirch in Punjab, Kali mirch in Hindi, Kala maricha in Orissa, Miriyalu In Tamil.
Scientific name Piper nigrum
Common name Black pepper, Kali mirch
Plant type Species
Sun requires Indirect sunlight
Soil well-drained soil, Rich soil red loam soil
Soil pH 5.5- 7
How to grow Black Pepper plant
Soil and Location
Black pepper plant needs well-drained and red loam rich soil, in which it flourishes very well. Peppercorns plants require indirect sunlight 6 to 8 hours per day. So you choose a place where it can get mixed shadows and sunshine. You can also keep your plant near the sunshine window, where it can get periodic sunlight.
To check whether your soil is dry properly, dig a small hole about 10-12 inches in the place you want to plant and fill it with water. If the water of the hole takes 10 to 15 minutes to free up the place of the plantation is appropriate. Otherwise, you need to improve the soil so that you use compost, sand, silt or peat. For this, the soil ideal pH 5.5 and 7, check before planting. Read more about Potting Mix.
The tropical climate is the most suitable place for Black pepper. Between 24-29 ° C temperature is the most ideal. If the temperature of your area falls below 16 ° C then its plants start dying. Black pepper living in cold climates can grow in the house or in the greenhouse. Read more.
Water is very important for the Peppercorns plant because these plants love moisture. Keep the soil moist enough, but do not soggy. Whenever you think the soil becomes dry, give the water immediately to the plant. Extremely hot environment or when the plant is producing the berries, then increase the water. If you plant it in the container, keep the container on a water-filled plate to maintain proper moisture, this will increase the humidity level.
Growing Peppercorns from seeds
- You can get Peppercorns seeds online or from a nearby nursery. Before planting its seeds, soak them in water for a whole night so that seed coat softens.
- In the pot you want to develop the seeds, fill it with a rich potting mixture and pour water from the top and make it wet well. Then plant 3-4 seeds of black pepper ¼ inch depth. Keep the seeds space three inches apart.
- Humidity in the potting mixture encourages germination. Therefore, to keep the mixture of pot moist, cover the seed tray with a plastic sheet. Put it in a warm place. You can keep it near the refrigerator or near the radiator.
- It takes about 30 days to sprout at temperatures between seventy-seventy five degrees. Germination at a low temperature very slowly or do not sprout at all.
Propagation by cutting
Commercially, its plants are propagated by cutting, although black pepper plants can also be grown by seed it takes a lot of time, hence it is not used in commercial cultivation. For the propagation take a healthy cutting of black pepper with 2 -3 nodes. The best time to develop by Cutting is March-April. Fill a bamboo basket or plastic bags with commercial potting mix, and plant cutting. It is ready for transplantation in about 3 months and then you can transplant it in your main field. Read more.
Black Pepper care
- Peppercorn plants grow very well in the humidity conditions, to keep moisture, mist the plant by soft water.
- Add 10 kg of organic fertilizer per year to your young plant or keep the soil rich with nutrients. Release slow-release balanced fertilizer 10-10-10 at the beginning of the growing season. You can also use Epsom salt for your plant.
- These plants prefer moisture to maintain moisture and to prevent weeds, you should use mulching.
Harvesting Black Pepper
- In about 2 to 3 years black pepper plants are ready for harvesting. Its plants usually do not produce fruit for many years after planting. After the plant is fully developed, it gives flowers in the spring and summer and Peppercorns plants create berries in clusters.
- When Peppercorns berry turns red, it is ready for harvest. To choose the berries from the plant, once in a single Peppercorns plant. Leave the green berries, the whole berries are not mature at one time, the plant has to be harvested several times.
- Dry harvested berries in the sun for 7 to 9 days, dry it on a flat surface so that they get direct and complete sunlight. After some time the outer skin of the berries starts shrinking and black appears. Until a harsh and dry texture is developed, keep it in the sun. Read now.
Pests and Disease
The most common disease of the Peppercorns plant is the root rot, which is caused by the accumulation of water in the soil and excessive water. Common insects aphids, slug and scale insects harm its plant.
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