Gardenia plant (Gardenia jasminoides)
Learn Growing Gardenia plant, How to grow Gardenia in a container, gardenias Care, and more about this plant. Gardenia is a genus of flowering plants in the coffee family, Rubiaceae, native to the tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia Madagascar, and Pacific Islands.
About gardenia flower
Gardenia is a popular houseplant, the terrace garden makes it attractive. The creamy white flowers, a special fragrance like mass in their gardens, especially in the south. Gardenia plant is popular in cold weather. Gardenia evergreen shrubs from 1 to 15 meters tall. Its dark green leaves are glossy and have a leathery texture.
Gardenias flowers are solitary or in small clusters, white or yellow colors bloom. They bloom between mid-spring to mid-summer. Many of its species are strongly scented. Sun or semi-shade tolerant, adaptable gardenia bushes, which survive completely well-drained and well in acidic soil. Fall or spring is the best time for planting in warm weather. Place in light to moderate shade. Use plenty of fertilizer for the Acid loving plant.
Gardenias are sensitive. Location and continuous care for this plant are extremely important. Gardeners who want to grow gardenia successfully must understand the needs of the plant. Gardenia is quite fragile and they are a few tips to nature bring.
Scientific name Gardenia
Common name Cape jasmine
Plant type Flower
Height 1-15 meter
Sun Part shade
Soil Well-drained, Acidic Soil
Soil pH 5.0 to 7
Temperature 68 -74 degree F
Bloom time Mid-spring -Midsummer
Growing condition Gardenia plant
- Full sunlight, part shed, and humidity is best suited for gardenia. The soil should be less than 7 pH. This shrub will grow well in a room with humidity, and salt in the soil.
- It grows well in rich soil. Peat moss or organic compost-rich soil to make sure that the mix should be an increased nutrient.
- Doubling the size of the root ball to the hole in the ground, so it should be easy for the heck with it. If you look at it in the container prepared in advance to fill the soil around the plant.
- Gardenias plant requires water deeply.
- The mulch should be around the plant’s surface. Pine needles or wood chips for mulch can be used.
- If you use a container to grow, use the pebbles to increase humidity around the plant.
Propagation and re-potting
It is a good idea to re-pot your gardenia in every second spring season, it helps in the better health of plants and roots development, but it does not usually get rid of insects or diseases. This time it is a good sign of re-potting your plant. Use the low pH soils of the garden to re-apply it.
Gardenia plant is propagated with root cutting. Cut the plant’s healthy and the new wood from five to six inches long, and put it in a vessel filled with water, you will start to see the roots in a few weeks.
How to grow Gardenia in a container
- To develop the gardenias in the pot, choose a large size container, for that, I have chosen a 20-inch pot.
- Mix perlite, sand, and organic substances in adequate quantities in the garden soil for container planting. Add one or two handfuls of coffee ground to it, it makes the soil more acidic. Crush some dead leaves in the soil, it keeps the ph levels stable.
- Check the drainage hole of the surface of the pot, because the plant requires good drainage.
- Fill the pot from the topsoil with a few below of the ring, dig a bigger pit than the root ball of the plant, so that the plant can get enough soil to support it.
- Place the plant in the pit and cover it with nearby soil. Put the water well in the pot.
- Now place the plant in a sunny place. Gardenias perform well in temperatures above 73 degrees Fahrenheit. If the temperature bellow from 55 degrees Fahrenheit, keep the pot indoors but keep in mind it requires at least 8 hours of sunlight.
- In the growing season for indoor plants apply water almost once a week, Container plants may require more water during hot and dry weather. Cut the water in the winter season.
Gardenia plant care
- You can plant it in containers successfully, but it should be noted that when plants as indoor that bright sunlight and high humidity are required. Dry or short days of winter, there is more trouble in the bush.
- During the winter moving the plant to improve the light conditions on the southern facing window. High humidity is also important for indoor gardenia.
- Dry air falling from plants flowers inspires.
- There are many ways to increase the humidity in the house. You either use a humidifier or humidity around the plants could increase the tray of wet pebbles.
- Gardenia plants cannot tolerate mist as this may cause leaves to be fungal spots and will be harmful.
- Keep the soil moist but avoid Watering. Organic manure and soil should be loose.
- Often that monitor soil moisture, such as water dries water need at least an inch of water a week.
- During the growing season acid-based fertilizer every three weeks is best.
- First, let the garden dry well, then make sure to plant it, use peat moss and organic manure for planting.
- Dig a hole double the size of the root ball and keep it burrowing prepared soil around it by then fill the hole.
- Water thoroughly during the growing season.
Pruning Gardenia jasminoides
The best time for pruning, when the plant is dormant. To shape the plant and remove the dry branches pruning is necessary. Use scissors to clean cut.
Common Gardenias Pest
- If the plant should be healthy and it should be kept away from the over a crowd of Pests protection.
- The second major reason for the lack of proper temperature and humidity.
- From time to time and immediately be watched and treatment plant.
- pests fear following the invasion of gardenia.
- Aphids, Spider mites, Thrips, Mealy mites, Scale, and Whiteflies.
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