Dragon Fruit (Pitaya fruit)
Know how to grow Dragon Fruit (Pitaya fruit), Health benefits of Dragon fruit, How to grow dragon fruit in a container, Pollination dragon fruit, Dragon Fruit Problems in this article. Pitaya fruit is a cactus that is actually quite favorable for its environment. Growing dragon fruit is a foreign, tropical fruit that you can grow in your container and garden very easily.
This plant is very famous in Asia and is widely grown throughout the region, it is quite popular in Thailand, Vietnam, Israel, and Shrilanka. In fact, it native to Mexico and South America. In India, it is also produced as commercial farming. Its fruits are used in food and plant is used as an ornamental plant.
Scientific name Hylocereus undatus
Common name Dragon fruit, Pitaya
Plant type Fruit
Sun requires Full Sun
Fruit season July to November
Flower colors Dark pink
Soil Sandy, Well-drained soil
Soil pH 5.5-7
How to grow Dragon Fruit plant
The dragon is a climbing plant that is diversified with other cacti, that requires increased support to grow it. This tropical plant needs a lot of heat and humidity to grow.
Most cactus type plants can be grown easily in any soil. For this, choose such soil which pH is 5-5 to 7 and is slightly acidic. Sandy soil is the best choice of this plant, you can prepare the good well-drained soil by adding sand in the garden soil.
This plant requires full sun to do blooms properly. Although they can tolerate little shade, more shades make the difference in the quality of the fruit.
During the growing season of dragon fruit, when the plant is active, give it some fertilizer. Stop feeding it in winter and cold months. Fertilization can be done from time to time for the plant growing well.
This plant is a cactus plant, so it requires water properly, but while giving water it is important to ensure that you are only giving water to the plant when the top of the soil you feel drought. Although soil needs moisture, but Do not store water near the plant and protect the soil from becoming soggier.
For the dragon fruit to grow well, temperature above 40 degrees F. It will not develop in cold weather. For proper development, the temperature should be between 65-80 degrees F.
How to grow dragon fruit in a container
- For this, choose a large pot which is 10 inches in depth and at least 24 inches in width.
- It would be a climbing cactus that requires support.
- Prepare the soil of other cactus plants, which have sand, so that the water can well- drained. Before planting, check the container well, if there are no holes in the surface, then you should hole. So that the root of the plant is not damaged.
- After planting the Dragon Fruit Plant in the Container, place it in a sunny place. Because they require at least 6-7 hours of direct sun, although it tolerates some shade, it needs a very warm atmosphere.
- Overwatering can kill your plant. So, when the soil of the container is dried, you should irrigation.
Propagation of Dragon fruit
Dragon fruit can be easily propagated to the seeds or cutting. To grow from seed, place some fruit flash on the paper towels and take it in warm conditions, where there is no direct sunlight. The seeds sprout in about 2 to 3 weeks, you can plant it in the container. Develop it in a separate pot and feed the eco-seaweed with water, it promotes strong planting. However, it takes years to reach the size of the fruit.
It is easy to develop even by cutting. Take 1 to 1.5 feet long stem from the healthy plant and leave it in a shady dry place. It seals the ending of cutting and avoids rotting. Now plant it in a pot and place it in a shiny, shady place. so that roots can be developed. Do not over-wash during this time. Cutting can be propagated at any time, but there are better results in warmer environments.
Pollination dragon fruit
You can bring self-fertile plants from the nursery, which requires cross-pollination from other Dragon Fruit Flowers. If you want to make sure that your plant is self-fertile or not, then you should test it, when its first flower comes from pollination. Pollination hand is a simple process, but keep in mind that its flowers live for up to 12 hours. All flowers have male and female parts. To pollinate by hand, you can use a small paint brush. Rubbish the athrs and submit the pollen and make the flower bloom!
The pitaya fruit is not ripped after the harvest, so, before taking the fruit, make sure that it has matured completely. When its skin color turns from bright green to red or pink, then the dragon fruit gets matured. Its fruits are made of eggs, it takes 30 to 50 days to get the fruit.
Dragon Fruit Problems
Although the dragon is hard to see by seeing the fruit, still there are some problems. Caterpillars, snails and slugs, insects trouble it. If you see caterpillars in the plant, you can separate it with your hands. Its young plants are weak because snails and slugs are chewed to its large Sections, and interfere with the initial training of main strains. There are several methods to control this, you can read in our article. Read.
It also bothers some common diseases – such as fungal problems. Due to high humidity and over water on the plant, the fungal disease can develop on stems, flower, and fruit. Cut off the part of the highly affected plant section. Separate the plant from the crowd so that improve air circulation can be done well. Stop overhead water and keep the plants healthy by using the eco-seaweed weekly.
Health benefits of Dragon fruit (Pitaya)
This exotic fruit is known as “Dragon Fruit“ or “Pitaya,” this is a beautiful looking fruit it’s color varies from red, yellow and pink with dragon-like scales on the outer surface of it. Inside it has a beautiful white colored pulp which is sweet in taste with small black seed. Dragon fruit grows on cacti native to America known as Hylocereus which is a night blooming plant. Health benefits.
Thank you and happy gardening.