The pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree in the family Lythraceae. It grows between 5 and 8 m tall. Know-How to Grow Pomegranate in Pot, Growing Pomegranate tree, Pomegranate plants Propagation, Punica granatum care, varieties of the pomegranate tree, and all brief information here.
Pomegranate plants are best suited to grow in containers because their roots are shallow compared to other plants. However, a larger tree is easier to care for than trees planted in containers.
Pomegranate tree overview
The pomegranate tree can reach a height of 20 feet, while it’s dwarf species reaches a height of 5 feet. The ‘State Fair’ species is considered to be 5 feet long. Another species ‘Nana’ is a height of 2 to 3 feet. Most pomegranate species are of a deciduous type.
Scientific Name Punica granatum
Common Name Pomegranate
Plant Type Fruit
Height 5 to 8 meter
Sun Requirements Full sun
Soil well-drained, loam soils
Soil pH 5.5 to 7.2
Pruning February or March
Growing pomegranate tree
With adequate drainage, you can grow pomegranate in a wide range of soil, so it is suitable for your cultivation. Pomegranate plant grows well in well-drained, fertile, and deep loam soils. Waterlogged soil damages the plants, to make the soil rich, add large amounts of organic matter in it. These plants tolerate a wide range of pH 4. 2 to 8. 2. However, for good growth, the plant requires a pH level of 5-5 .7.
If you are growing in a container then use good quality bark, Potting Mix, and pebble at the bottom of the container, it helps to drain the water out well.
Punica granatum tree loves full sunlight, it needs 7-8 hours of sunlight every day. Keep potted plants in a sunny location, however, they can tolerate partial shade.
pomegranate plants need relatively little water, it can tolerate drought conditions for many years. But during this period crop size and productivity will be affected. Too much water or irregular or excessive irrigation water can cause other problems.
Pomegranate trees planted in containers require regular fertilization. Slow-release fertilizer should be added to the soil when planting, later you can use liquid fertilizer. Use organic fertilizers every two weeks during the growing season, this will help in the growth and fruiting of the plant. Use nitrogenous fertilizer, it will help in fruit production, nitrogen deficiency the leaves yellow and the plant turns pale green.
How to Grow Pomegranate tree in a pot
- You can easily grow these trees in pots, for this, you select a terracotta container. For better results, you use a commercial potting mix. You can also prepare potting mix your self, mix 1 part soil fertile soil, one part peat manure, and one part cocoa peat together.
- The container in which you want to plant should have drainage holes on its surface, check it before planting.
- Punica granatum trees require more sunlight, so choose a place where there is more sunlight.
- These plants prefer full sun, so keep an eye on the temperature. The room temperature should be between 50 and 60 ° F. during winter. Keep the plant in the sun when the temperature is low.
- To keep the soil moist, water regularly during the growing season. Cutwater in the month of August, empty the water-filled plate.
- Apply organic fertilizer every two weeks from fall to spring or use 10–10–10 liquid fertilizer for your plant.
- Spring is the best time for pruning, it encourages new growth in the plant. Remove dead heads, this will make the plant look healthy and in proper shape.
Pomegranate plants propagation
If you want to plant a pomegranate tree in your garden or container, you can easily grow it with the cutting of a healthy tree. Take cuttings about 10 inches long from the tree, cover the cut area with rooting hormone, and plant it to the growing medium. It is good to take a cutting in the month of February or March because at this time the plant is in a dormant state. You can also grow by buying plants from the nursery.
Punica granatum harvesting for early varieties begins in mid-September when its color changes. Harvesting for later varieties takes place in mid-November. Harvesting is done manually, for this you can use a small blade or knife. Take care when harvesting as the fruits are sensitive to knocks.
Popular varieties of the Pomegranate tree
If you are planting popular varieties of pomegranate trees then it is important to know about the species.
1. State Fair
State Fair is a dwarf variety, its height is 5 feet. The fruits are small, there is a diameter of about 2 inches. “State Fair” is more tolerant of cold.
The Nana is another popular dwarf variety. Its height is 3 feet, and its flowers are orange. The fruits are small. It is colder tolerant than the larger varieties.
“Granada” crimson blooms, its flavor is less pungent. The tree grows to 15 feet. It prefers sun and happiness. Plant it right into the ground. This is also cold tolerant.
4. Angel Red
“Angel Red,” is famous due to its soft seeds and culinary applications. Its length is 10 feet. Full sun and regular watering are required. so it Growing outdoor is more appropriate.
Pomegranate plants care
Pruning or trimming
The best time for pruning or trimming is February or March, at which time the plants become dormant. Separate the weak branches and dead branches to create the proper shape of the plant. Keep sorting, otherwise, the fruit production will decrease.
Pests and disease
Although Punica granatum trees can grow very easily fruits rots, molds, pests, and wood are susceptible to damage. Its tree flowers and buds attract butterflies, their larvae are collected on the flower buds, which caused major destruction of the crop.
pomegranate plants leaf attracts mealybugs, scale insects, thrips, mites, and whitefly. Termites damage the base of the plant. However, it is less likely insufficient sunlight and healthy trees.
Health Benefits of pomegranate fruit
Antioxidants in the juice are very popular because of its taste and pungent. The vibrant red color of pomegranate seeds is obtained from polyphenols, and these chemicals are a powerful antioxidant.
2. Vitamin C
In pomegranate fruit juice, your daily requirement of Vitamin C is more than 40 percent. To make the most of the nutrients you can choose the fresh juice made at home.
3. Cancer protection
In recent research, the researchers found that its juice helps prevent the growth of prostate cancer cells.
The use of juice reduces inflammation in the intestines and can improve digestion.
5. Anti-Inflammatory Quality
Being a high antioxidant in pomegranate juice, it is a powerful anti-inflammatory. It reduces inflammation throughout the body.
6. Heart disease
Its juice plays an important role in keeping the heart-healthy. It helps in protecting the heart and arteries. Some studies show that its juice improves blood flow and prevents the arteries from being hard and thick. It reduces cholesterol formation in the arteries.
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