How to grow Bitter melon | Growing Bitter gourd | Momordica charantia

How to grow Bitter melon | Growing Bitter gourd | Momordica charantia

Bitter Gourd (Bitter melon)

Momordica charantia (Bitter gourd) is a vine plant and grows very easily on kitchen gardens, containers, and terraces. Bitter gourd plant requires direct sunlight and fresh air, these vegetables do not require much care.  It is a very short-living perennial tropical plant, which can go up to a height of 5 meters; however, they are required to support it. Its yellow flowers (male/female), which are pollinated by insects. Learn How to grow Bitter melon, Growing Bitter gourd in containers, Bitter gourd care in this article.

Choosing the right location for planting the Momordica charantia plant is more important as it requires direct sunlight.

Growing Bitter gourd

Overview 

Scientific name        momordica charantia

Common name        Bitter gourd, Bitter melon, karela

Sun required            Full Sun

Soil                             Rich, Loamy soil, Sandy Soil

Soil pH                       5.8-6.4

Temperature            18 -24 ° C

Season                       Throughout the year

Growing Bitter gourd in a container

The containers are easy to grow in the bitter gourd, similar to cucumber and squash at the start. Pot a bit deeper so it is better to spread the root easily, though its plant’s height is 5 meters. The method of applying this growth is the same as planting in the ground. As soon as the plant begins to grow in containers forged apply for support.

How to grow Bitter melon from seeds

You have sown directly by seeds or transplant the plant. Between 5.8 and 6.4 soil pH levels, and rich soil with organic compost is good for it. Before planting the plant mix the required quantity of compost into the soil It took 2 or 3 seeds 1/2 inch deep and the sow together.  Seeds will germinate in 2 to 3 days. Transplant seedlings with an apart of 18 to 20 inches.

How to grow Bitter melon

Bitter gourd care

Bitter gourd is a hot season crop, the most suitable time to plant it in April to May, and July to September for this vegetable.

Soil and location

Bitter gourd to require well-drained organic-rich, sandy, and Loamy soil.  You can either use the Potting Mix. Bitter melon grows mainly in hot and humid weather, these plants grow well in tropical and subtropical warm and humidity. Before sown 24 hours watering the soil for better results. Choosing a location where direct sunlight, bitter melon likes bright sun.

Temperature

Momordica charantia plant grows at the most appropriate temperature 18 -24 ° C. Cover to save the plant when the night temperature is low.

Watering 

Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia) needs regular watering according to their life circle, which is important in terms of their development.
Due to lack of water, the flowers will be delayed and the fruits will be reduced. Be sure to give water first, but good drainage is necessary to keep the soil dry. The fungus is developed when the soil is constantly soggy.

Momordica charantia

Harvesting

5 to 6 weeks after the flowers begin to bloom and fruit will start to come in 2 to 4 months. It takes 3 months for mature fruits. Pick fruit must every 2 to 3 days, picking fruit regularly encourages the development of new fruit plants.

*Leave the fruits to mature so that the crop is safe. When the fruit is fully ripe, it will break down automatically, and you can easily collect the seeds.

Support required for Momordica charantia

The gourd plant is a vine. The kitchen garden on the terrace or in containers can be planted, a mesh setup is required for its support. When it comes to choosing a location where direct sunlight because of bitter gourd-like much Sun.

Problems with Bitter gourd

Some common pests such as meats, aphids, beetles, fruit flies, and caterpillars, etc. sometimes affect it. Use of organic pesticide spray in the affected area. This pest control product is easily available in a pesticide store called a combo-neem.

Watermelon mosaic virus, powdery mildew, and other pumpkin viruses, Like, difficult diseases can occur in it. But you can control them with sulfur dust. In case of rust, you can control it by spray. If pests attack fruits wrapped in the newspaper when they are about a few centimeters long.

Bitter Gourd Varieties

Bitter Gourd Varieties 

Bitter gourd is widely cultivated in India, it has many varieties. Short varieties are usually grown in the summer season and long varieties of fruits during the rainy season.

01. Pusa do mausmi

This crop is best suited for spring, summer, and rainy season. It is certified by AICRP (VC), its fruits are long, dark green and smooth and work stripes.

02. Pusa Vishesh

Pusa Vishesh is grown in the summer season and recommended by I.A.R.I, New Delhi. Its vine is dwarf and easy to care for. Its fruits are medium in length and thick. The upper stripes are irregularly broken and fusiform. The fruit is glossy green, it takes about 55 days to mature.

03. Vk-1-priya

VK-1-Priya’s color is white and about 35-40 cm in length. It is recommended by Vellanikkara, Kerala, that it takes about 40 days to obtain the crop. A plant produces about 50 fruits.

04. Akra Harit

Its fruit is attractive, bright green in color. The fruit is short in length, with smooth regular ribs. It is selected by IIHR, Hessarghatta and it takes about 100-110 days to get the crop.

05. Hirkani

Its fruit color is dark green tubercles. The legs are 15–20 cm in length. You can sow till the first week of June – July. It takes about 180 days to get the crop.

06. Phule Ujwala

Its fruit is also dark green in color and medium in length. Fruits are thorny. You can sow till the first week of June – July. Its approximate output is 147 q / ha and perfect for export.

07. Pride of Gujarat

Its fruit is white green and small in color. There are white dabs on the skin.

Read also:

How to grow Bitter gourd.  How to grow Betel leaf plants. 09 Leaf plants for containers. 10 vegetables regrown again.  Growing Cumin herbs at home. Growing and care for Soybean. Pointed gourd growing and care tips. Rosemary growing and care guide. Herbal plants that prevent Diabetes. Yucca plants care tips.

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Bitter gourd | Momordica charantia

 

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