Ivy Gourd ( Coccinia Grandis)
Learn How to grow Ivy gourd, Growing Coccinia Grandis from seeds, Ivy gourd care, and more about Tindora vegetable. Ivy Gourd also called Coccinia Grandis or Kundru is a relative of cucumber. Coccinia Grandis is a tropical perennial plant.
Overview Coccinia Grandis (Kundru)
In fact, its fruit is also like cucumber, its fruit is about 2 inches long, while the cucumber is 5 to 6 inches long. Ivy Gourd is also known as Scarlett Gourd, Tindora and Kowai, kundru Fruits, kundru grow very well in a tropical climate, Coccinia Grandis is found in the southern state of Kerala in India, where it is popular as a local dish. Coccinia Grandis is cooked as a vegetable, which is full of nutrients, it develops very fast and covers anything coming in the way.
Although it is considered to be a fatal and aggressive weed, it is spread in America, Hawaii, Texas, Florida, as well as parts of Asia. Ivy Gourd spreads very rapidly and is capable of growing 4 inches per day, it is to be propagated by root or seed.
Scientific name Coccinia Grandis
Common name little gourd, scarlet fruited gourd, scarlet gourd, and ivy gourd
Plant type Vegetable
Sun required Full Sun
Soil Well-drained, organic-rich soil
Soil PH 6.0- 6.5
Coccinia Grandis, Calabacita, Calabaza Hiedra, Coccinia cordifolia, Coccinia Indica, Little Gourd, Ivy Gord, Kunduru in Hindi, Tondli in Marathi, Kovai in Tamil, Kova in Malayalam, Tondikey in Kannada, Tela Kucha in Bengali, In Oriya, Ban-Kundari is known by many names.
How to grow Ivy gourd
How to grow Ivy Gard, it is easy to cultivate but information about the proper environment and care is necessary for the plant.
Soil and location
Tindora produces the best in well-drained, well- composed and sandy soils. Avoid heavy soil, acidic and alkaline soil. The soil pH of 6.0-6.5 produces an excellent crop of this crop. It prefers the presence of the full sun and you around the creeper should be enough space for pole or trellis.
If the cutting is planting, plant near the support structure so that your ciphers can climb vertically. Tindora will grow in the acidic, neutral or alkaline soil until it gets nutrients and strong sunlight, you can put it in your open garden and large container well.
Tindora vegetable likes the most in humid weather conditions. For this, the ideal temperature of 20 degrees to 32 degrees Celsius, at this temperature, you get the best production and quality. This vegetable can be cultivated throughout the year, however, suitable weather for its fruiting is rain and summer. USDA hardiness zones 9 or above can be grown well, cooler areas can also be grown in warmer days in the summer.
Kunduru is basically a crop of tropical climate. For the proper development of these plants, the complete sunlight is necessary. In any case, the crop should not be exposed to extreme climatic conditions, in winter, this crop should be protected from extreme cold. Much rain can be harmful to this crop, moderate rainfall is sufficient for ivy Gourd Crop. Read more.
Ivy gourd (kundru) can be easily propagated by seeds or cutting. If you want to prepare seed from the fruit automatically, then use the fruit of ripe (red color) in its entirety. Remove the seeds from the gelatinous center, and spread it to the dry warm sun over the paper, it can take several days to dry properly.
Separate the dry pulp and clean the seeds, and store them in a dark and dry place. It is easy to propagate it even by cutting. Take a sturdy and healthy 6-inch long cutting from the climbing vine. Then plant it in a container filled with a growing medium, give it water after planting, within about a week your plant will develop. Read more.
Growing Coccinia Grandis from seeds
- Most nurseries use cutting to develop it. When the planting becomes slightly mature, they can be transplanted in the main area, for transplantation, dig the pit in the main area and pits should be exposed to sunlight for approximately one month. Water should be given immediately after planting the cutting.
- Seeds are planted directly in the ground, you can transplant the plant from the nursery to the appropriate area. Its seeds usually germinate in 3-4 weeks.
- If you are developing control conditions inside the house, after planting, when roots and leaves some develop, you can place them in the ground area.
- After planting in the ground should be well watered. You can use any method for sowing in the main area. Its seeds do not thicken very deep in the soil.
- The sowing of the Ivy guards should be done at reasonable distances.
- There is no specific plantation season for Ivy guards, you can put it in any season of the year.
- You can protect the young plants in the greenhouse to avoid harsh environmental conditions.Read more.
Ivy gourd care
For the ivy gourd you set the distance like cucumber, but be careful that for some reason these plants start looking for each other and generally become intertwined.
It is an aggressive weed in many areas, it gives birth to new plants due to its habits. A small piece of branches or twigs is also able to create a new plant in the right conditions.
After planting, give it water well in the first week, and when it starts growing in the form of the vine, you can cut the water.
Pruning is not very important, but it helps to maintain the plant’s manageable height and provides energy. When you pruning, do not throw the branches and twigs around because they are able to produce another plant.
Coccinia Grandis Pest’s problem
Some common insects such as aphids, whiteflies, mites, and thrips, are bothered Tindora. However, these insects can be controlled by appropriate chemicals; there are some herbal remedies also, which can easily get rid of them. One of its kind is “Sulabha” in which no major pests or diseases are known.
Harvesting Coccinia Grandis
Coccinia Grandis vegetables are ready for harvest in 3 months. Most have used their hands for the harvesting of tindora, but it damages the vine, you can use the cutter.
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