Learn How to Grow Peas, Growing Pea plants in containers, harvest, and care in this article. The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit. Each pod contains several peas. Pea pods are botanically fruit since they contain seeds and developed from the ovary of a flower.
In the spring season, green peas are not only used to eat, but they also have many nutrients. It is quite a popular vegetable, probably originated in western India in the sub-Himalayan plains. Today it has become semi-tropical areas of the major commercial crop. The small spherical seeds or seed pods of the legume Pisumsativum. This plant is an annuity; the life cycle is 1 year. It is a cool-season crop and grown many parts of the world.
The use of immature peas like vegetables, it is also used as fresh, frozen and canned. Using the split pea or pea pods mature as it is dry. The dry peas are used to make various Modern cuisines.
Overview of Pea plants
Scientific name Pisumsativum
Common name Pea
Plant type Vegetable
Temperature 55-64 ° F
Soil pH 6.0-7.5
Sun Full Sun/ Part Sun
How to grow Green Peas
Fall is the best time to start planting peas the moment you start it as soon as possible. Add compost and mulch to the soil before the fair. Peas are sown indoors in a peat pot. Spray wood ashes to the soil well before planting peas. If you want to grow seeds directly in the ground prepare a month before the last frost.
The weekly intervals in the spring grow different varieties. When separately or crop will mature different time so it would be shocking. Pea plants 1 inch deep and 2 inches must find gaps. Read also.
When the soil temperature reaches 10°C the seeds may be planted. When 13 to 18 °C (55 to 64 ° F) temperatures most appropriate for it. Peas thrive in warm temperate and tropical climates are not plain, but the high altitude, the tropics are well developed.
Pisumsativum prefers less food so that don’t require much fertilizer. Too much nitrogen that plants actually grow pods and leaves harm.
Water should be deeply once a week if the soil will dry completely that will reduce pea production. Water is the most important time to keep the plant blooming and the pod is under producing. To maintain pod quality water should be regularly.
- These plants prefer completely dry soil, but before planting manure is important to add to the soil well. But keep in mind that the soil should not fertilize too much.
- Its plants are much more sensitive to nitrogen, but Bone meal peas, phosphorus, etc. prefer too. So these foods should be included in the soil, however, Peas the dose of fertilizer much does not require.
- Peas should rotate crops every year that the soil-borne disease could not flourish. Read more.
Pests and diseases
- Aphids are Major insects of the pea plant, but you can control it easily. If you directly spray cold water on these insects so they fall to the ground. Pests on the plants of heavy outbreak you can use a spray of insecticidal soap.
- Aphid’s mosaic virus is transmitted, so as soon as it gets its information should be controlled immediately.
- Powdery mildew is the most common disease of peas, which influence on the warmer season.
- Rotate crops to prevent root rot. To avoid soil-borne diseases of peas it is absolutely necessary.
- Pods begin to pick from the bottom. Legume in one hand and with the other hand will pick the pod otherwise the stem will be broke. Regularly picking pods, peas will produce more.
- Peapods and then breaking when its walls become thick, and seeds are become rounded.
- Legume and flowers of the plant stopped production of the plant’s harvest the leaves for salads
- Don’t leave Peapods on the vine otherwise, produces pods will reduce.
- Check regularly because much harsher pods seem tasteless, the pods can be brought to just use as seed.
- Leave the roots to rot after harvest to release nitrogen into the ground, which is beneficial for your next crop.
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