Easy tips to growing Broccoli at home | Nature Bring
Written by: Ram Chandra Bhatia Date: 28.10.2017
Broccoli is a popular vegetable in cool season. Broccoli is grown in the season spring and fall. If you grow broccoli in your garden, then you can enjoy this vegetable full summer and fall and will get the physical benefits of organic farming. The best part is that you can harvest it in very short days (55 days), and get crops for several weeks to come. However, it has to face some problems in growing it for the first time. Nature Bring is telling you how easily you can include it in your Patio Garden.
Scientific name Brassica oleracea var. italica
Common name Broccoli
Plant type Vegetable
Sun required Full sun
Soil pH 6.0-7.0
It is very important to have a proper place before growing broccoli. A place where direct sunlight and good air circulations are very important.
Planting broccoli requires rich soil. Therefore, before planting it, mix the appropriate quantity of compost in the soil, because its plants prefer moist and fertile soil with a pH around 6.0-7.0. Its required Before planting the seeds, lay a thin surface of 2-4 inch manure in the soil. (Read about amendments in the soil in detail.)
- Broccoli is a cool season crop, it can tolerate day temperatures and light cold. Gardner planted its first crop in the spring and in the second crop in fall, which is used in the summer. Broccoli seeds germinate at temperatures below 40 degrees F.
- For planting in spring, transplant 2-3 weeks before the last spring cold. And if you develop by seeds, then add more to maturity 10 days.
- Choose the heat tolerant species for the development in summer, though there is a difference in taste.
- Broccoli prefers the presence of the full sunlight. At least 5-6 hours Sunlight is required per day.
- The growing season of broccoli is very short, so it requires very rich soil with high-quality manure.
- For this, drainage is extremely necessary. So choose a place where water is easily drained. You can even apply it to a mound place.
- Use organic manure for its crop, you will get better returns.
- It takes 3 to 4 months to mature, from planting to full crop.
- Grow the seed before 85 to 100 days before the first fall for fall planting.
- If you live in a warm climate, give priority to fall planting, because broccoli flourishes well in cool weather.
- Place the plant seeds in depth by 1/2 inches. Keep space your plant within a 12 to 24 inches apart, and place 36 inches between each row.
- Broccoli to grow, planting thin seedling to 12 inches apart to give room
Use nitrogen compost for good growth of broccoli, using cottonseed meal is beneficial to make soil rich. You can use granulated fertilizers according to the instructions in the packet or use 14-14-14 vegetable fertilizer. You can use liquid fertilizer in the beginning of the plant regularly, plants also prefer liquid fertilizers. Broccoli overall likes Rich Soil.
Plant needs moisture to grow fast and produce large heads. Organic Mulch of compost, finely ground leaves, finely ground bark, etc. will help to keep the soil cool and humid. But in cold regions it is the opposite, to keep the ground warm, you will need a black plastic sheet to keep the soil warm. And if your soil is naturally not rich in nitrogen then you should fertilize the fish emulsion or vegetable plant to amend the soil.
Broccoli needs water in a moderate way. If it does not rain, then apply it for 1-1.5 inch water per week.
Insects and problems
There are some insects and problems that trouble broccoli. Common insects troubling this are imported cabbage worm, cabbage root maggot, cabbage looper, and aphids. These insects tend to bother more in the beginning season. Black cag, black rot and clubroot attack normally. Rotation of crops is necessary to avoid this problem. The clubroot is reduced when you increase the soil pH 7.0.
- To get a good taste of broccoli, it should be harvested early in the morning.
- Cut from the head and leave at least 6 inches to stem below.
- Many of its species have side shoots, which continue to develop even after head cutting. You can harvest from the same plant for several years.
- If you want to store broccoli in the freeze, then dry it after washing it thoroughly.
- Maturation depends on its species. By the way, most broccolis take 48 days to mature after transplantation.