Ginger (Zingiber Officinale)
Ginger is a flowering plant; its root is widely used as a spice or traditional medicine. Zingiber Officinale is a potent herb, tea made from it is very beneficial for health. Its fresh roots are used to enhance the taste of dishes. Learn How to grow Ginger in a pot, Growing Ginger root, care, harvest, and more about this medicinal plant.
Zingiber Officinale is native to the Indian subcontinent of South Asia. It is the largest producer of India, China, and South Asia. The ginger plant is about 3 feet in height, you can grow it in a pot or in your yard. Zingiber Officinale can be produced throughout the year, it takes 10 months to mature. These plants prefer warm climatic conditions and give good results. In frost, you can grow it indoors in a pot and bring it out in the warm season when the temperature is high. Spring is the most suitable season for growing in containers.
Overview Ginger root
Scientific name Zingiber Officinale
Common name Ginger
Plant type Spice plant
Sun required Full sun/ Partial Sun
Soil Rich and well-drained
Soil pH 5.5-6.5
Growing Ginger root
To plant ginger can propagate through a small section of the rhizome, each section should have at least two eyes. Soak the dried tubers in water overnight before planting. Place the ginger root eye portion upwards in the soil, and cover the root from the soil about 1 ”to 2”. Well, water after planting so that the entire soil becomes moist.
Soil and location
Ginger plants require well-drained, sandy loam soils. If the soil of your garden is heavy, then add a lot of organic manure to improve the soil. Waterlogging in the soil can cause tuber rotten. A lot of indirect sunlight and water are required. Plants grow very well in a sheltered spot, the filtered sunlight, warm weather, and humidity.
Good manure for planting is ideal, use good manure with a part of the soil of the garden, supports fertilizer nutrition, and maintains moisture.
If you have good soil in your garden, then just mix some fertilizers, dig it and plant the rhizome. If the soil is very heavy then you can make small hills or ridge to improve drainage. The late winter / early spring is the best time of planting it.
Cut the pieces of ginger rhizomes into pieces, there are some rising buds with each piece, or can complete rhizomes too. Grow your ginger rhizomes in depth by five to ten centimeters.
Plants do not need much space to grow. Planted each rhizome will grow only a few leaves in one place. But over time it becomes quite dense and gradually big.
Be careful while watering the ginger plant, after planting it should be watered slowly. You can give a little more water during the growing season. Keep in mind, its growth is low in winter, this time the plant should require less water. If ginger is grown on the ground, use a mulch to retain the necessary moisture.
For healthy and high-quality ginger, the temperature of the plant should be between 12 ° C to 15 ° C. Leaves of the plant begins to die at temperatures below 5 ° C, and the tuber shrinks and becomes lifeless. The soil moisture level should be regularly checked after planting.
How to grow Ginger in a pot
- How to grow ginger in a pot is easy and rewarding. Once planted, this plant needs water and patience to mature into a delicious, spicy ingredient. Ginger plant is a not heavy feeder, they require lots of water and lots of space. There are a few steps to grow.
- Given the growing nature of the plant, it requires a large pot, a 2-gallon pot is good for about six months, then choose a larger size pot. Choose good drainage holes and a deep container for this. Choose pot at least 12 inches (30cm) deep. A plastic pot is better than terra cotta.
- Prepare high quality and well-drained and fertile soil. Use the high quality commercial potting mix to grow in pots.
- Start in early spring because it can’t survive in a frost.
- Choose your ginger, that has plump and wrinkle-free. Cut the rhizome into pieces if you want to grow many plants.
- The container should have a good drainage system, so place a proper drainage system on the surface of the pot. Before filling the potting soil on the surface, make a layer of gravel or broken clay pot. Wash ginger rhizome with water before planting or soak it overnight. Fill the pot with soil, place the root-eye portion upwards in the soil, and cover it with soil.
- Now water your plant well. Now place your container in a place where it gets morning sun, shady spot is good for this. The watering must be light in plants and check the plant daily that soil must dry water completely.
- Watch for germination. It grows slowly, especially outside of the tropics.
- Let the soil dry as the stems die back. The stems of the plant will turn yellow in late summer or early fall, as temperatures drop. Read more.
Harvest Ginger root
Loosen the soil around the ginger, Hold the plant on their base, where they are the soil surface and the entire rhizome are down, pull ginger plant slowly. If you want to continue to grow a ginger root, break a part of the root in which there are leaves and carefully separate it. The rest of the ginger root will be re-grown as a crop. Break the leaves from the rhizomes and wash the ginger root. Regardless of whether you use it dry or use it immediately. Read more.
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